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2012英语四级作文必备句型

更新时间:2012-05-01    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

  1. "as good as…"相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。

  The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.

  2."many as well…as"和"might as well …as" "many

  as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well…as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

  3. "so…that, such…that"是一个普通的句型,但在同一个句子里有两处使用它却比较少见。

  The truth is, that in one point of view, this matter of national literature has come to such a pass with us, that in some sense we must turn bullies, else the day is lost, or superiority so far beyond us, that we can hardly say it will ever be ours.

  4. "by doing…"结构。这个结构的意思是"通过(做)……",但翻译实践中不能拘泥于这种释义,不少情况下需要灵活变通。

  5. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of"

  "something of"相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"."much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无".something like译为"有点像,略似。"

  They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.

  6. 同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:"她那骗子般的父亲".

  Those pigs of girls eat so much.

  7. as…as…can(may)be

  It is as plain as plain can be.

  8. "It is in(with)…as in(with)"

  It is in life as in a journey.

  9. "when"引导状语从句有时并不好译,不能一看到when从句就考虑译为"当……的时候",它还有许多种译法。

  Anything is better than not to write clearly. There is nothing to be said against lucidity, and against simplicity only the possibility of dryness. This is a risk that is well worth taking when you reflect how much better it is to be bold than to wear a curly wig.

  10. "not…because…",有时可否定前面,有时可否定because本身,往往出现歧义。应根据上下文面判定。

  In 1600 the earth was not the center of the universe because the majority then supposed it was; nor, because she had more readers, was Ella wheeler Wilcox a better poet than Father Hopkins.

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