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英文便条的写作解析

更新时间:2012-06-08    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

 一、概述

  便条也是书信的一种形式。它的特点是内容简短,主要有临时性的询问、留言、通知、要求等。跟正规书信相比,便条的语言比较口头化,比如要通知某事只需这样开头:Just a line to tell you that ……而无须像正规书信那样This is to inform you that …开头。另外,在便条中常出现省略现象,例如:“key to back door is under mat.”或者“key to back door under mat.”(后门钥匙在垫子下面)代之以“The key to the back door is under the mat.”。

  结束时也无需结尾礼词,只需写上写便条者姓名。如果是关系比较近的人,则只需写上姓或名。

  便条的日期通常写在右上角。一般只写上星期几或者星期几上午或下午,也可写上午、下午的具体时刻。日常应用中,写上几月几日的也很普遍。但一般不写年份,因为便条的内容多半是当日或近日内要办的事情。

  1)请假(Asking for Leave)

  例1 Directions: You are about to write a Business Leave Note of about 100 words. Please describe these information clearly.

  1) the reason you ask for the leave

  2) the time and how long you will leave

  例文:

  Class 4, Grade 3

  Aug. 22nd

  To Department Office

  Secretary Li,

  I’m sorry to apply for ten day’s leave from the Aug. 23rd to sept, 3rd instant. As I have to leave with the time is urgent. My father now in the hospital is badly ill. I have to go to see him and take care of him for a few days. You know I’m the only child in my family. Of course I will show you the telegram about my fathers illness which is received from my mother to support my application.

  As concern as the missed lessons during my absence, I promise I will do my best to catch them on after I come back to the campus. Wish for your allowance.

  Yours respectfully

  Li Ming

  *本文是一封请假条,一般我们要向上级或老师请假,通常用的是ack for leave这个短语,请三天假可写作:ask for three days’ leave;因病请假则是ask for sick leave.leave在这里是名词用法,文中用的短语是apply for意为“申请”,含有更加郑重的意味,常用于下级对上级或晚辈对长辈的书面语中,“Only child”意为“独生子女”相应的,“独生女”译作“only daughter”而“独生子”译作“only son”. As concern as.后面跟名词性结构,意为“涉及到,至于”与Concerning同意,两者可以互换。

  例2 Directions: Your father is seriously ill, and you want to go back home. Write a note to the secretary and it should include.

  1) the cause for leaving;

  2) the days: from 16th to 21 st;

  3) Catch on the lesson after returning school.

  例文:

  July 5th

  Dear Miss Huang,

  My sister called me last night, and she said that my father is dangerously ill. I beg to apply for seven days’ leave of absence from 16th to 21st instant, in order that I can see my beloved father.

  I should be much obliged if you would grant me my application. As regards the lessons to be missed during my absence, I will do my best to make up for them as soon as I get back from home.

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便条

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