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Unconvincing; 不足为信;

更新时间:2012-09-04    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

Books and Arts; Book Review;

文艺;书评;

The political waning of America;

美国在衰落吗???

Unconvincing;

不足为信;

Every Nation For Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World. By Ian Bremmer.

《独自为战:G零世界的赢家与败者》,作者伊恩·布雷默

Brazil and Turkey, once reliable backers of America's geostrategic goals, conspicuously went their own way in 2010 when they sought to broker a deal with Iran over its nuclear programme, even as America pushed for new sanctions. Their new-found assertiveness was a product of both their growing economic weight and America's diminished clout.

巴西和土耳其都曾经是美国地缘政治中可靠的盟友,但是2010年在美国已经对伊朗推行新的制裁政策时,这两个国家却追求以仲裁和和谈的形式让伊朗走出核危机,这标志着它们开始奉行相对独立的外交政策。 这种新的魄力是它们经济增长的结果,也是美国影响力下降的结果。

This is an example of what is in store for the world, predicts Ian Bremmer in “Every Nation For Itself”. Countries like Brazil and Turkey want the status of a bigger global role. But they “balk at assuming the risks and burdens” that global leadership entails. Ideally a web of multilateral institutions and laws would impose order and hold wayward countries in line. But with America unable to afford, or unwilling to exercise, global leadership, and China still not ready to assume its responsibilities, there is no one to enforce these rules.

这就是伊恩·布雷默在他新著《各自为战》中所预言的世界。 像巴西和土耳其这样的国家想要在全球政治中扮演更重要的角色。 但是“他们想要避免领导全球所必须承担的风险和负担”。 理想主义的观念认为,一个多元化的组织网络和法律可以带来秩序,让那些不驯服的国家服从。 但是随着美国没有能力或者不愿意承担全球领导的角色,而中国目前还没有做好准备承担责任,没有一个国家可以来强制执行这些规则。

In the 1960s President Lyndon Johnson could divert a fifth of America's wheat crop to alleviate starvation in India. That could not happen now, when biofuels are aggravating food shortages and exporters hoard supplies for their own people. Global warming, nuclear proliferation and internet regulation are all harder to address, with the G7 and G20 supplanted by what the author calls the “G-Zero”.

20世纪60年代,总统林登·约翰逊可以将美国小麦产量的五分之一用于缓解印度的饥荒。 现在这根本不可能发生,因为生物燃料的发展正在造成并加剧粮食短缺现象,而且出口商们正为了他们自己的人民储存粮食。 随着G7和G20被被作者称为G-0的世界所代替,全球变暖、核扩散以及网络管理等都将是更难处理的问题。

Mr Bremmer, founder of Eurasia Group, a political-risk consultancy, specialises in big thoughts. His previous books tackled the path that developing countries travel from autocracy to democracy, and the growth of state-sponsored capitalism. “Every Nation For Itself” enters a more crowded field. Innumerable books and essays have already plumbed the consequences of America's loss, or possible loss, of global leadership, with the best providing either fresh insight or original reporting. Unfortunately, “Every Nation For Itself” does neither. It devotes endless pages to describing disparate arenas of global conflict, from cyberspace to water shortages, but these are largely a rehash of headlines and conventional wisdom. Their only purpose is to provide Mr Bremmer with repeated opportunities to assert that “in a G-Zero world” such conflicts can no longer be solved from above.

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