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尤金·耐·特雷布兰奇,一名布尔人宣传活动家

更新时间:2012-08-30    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

Obituary

讣告

Eugene Terre'Blanche

尤金·特雷布兰奇

Eugene Ney Terre'Blanche, a Boer demagogue, died on April 3rd, aged 69

尤金·耐·特雷布兰奇,一名布尔人宣传活动家,卒于4月3日,终年69岁

On December 16th 1838, a small band of trekkers defeated a large Zulu army at the Battle of Blood River. Some say the white men prevailed because they had guns, whereas the Zulus made do with spears. But others think God intervened. Before the battle, the Afrikaners prayed, vowing always to commemorate that day if they won. Their descendants honoured that pledge. But a century and a half later, a disrespectful history professor at the University of South Africa suggested that the “Day of the Covenant” was nothing special and that God was not necessarily rooting for the tribe that created apartheid. Eugene Terre'Blanche was incensed. With a posse of followers, he burst into a lecture hall, poured hot tar on the professor and then decorated him with feathers.

1838年12月16日,一小队白人,历经长途跋涉,在布拉德河一役中击败了为数众多的祖鲁人军队。 有人说,白人占上风是因为有枪,而祖鲁人用的却是长矛。 还有人说,那是上帝的安排。 战前,白人祈祷,如果打赢了这场战役,誓言要纪念胜利日。 他们的后代子孙遵循着那个誓言。 但是,一个半世纪后,南非大学的一个历史学教授贸然提出,“起誓日”没有什么特别之处, 上帝不必眷顾那个创造隔离制度的种族。 这让尤金 特雷布兰奇勃然大怒。 他带着一帮地方武装分子,闯进了大学报告厅,把滚烫的柏油倾倒在教授身上,然后把羽毛沾在上面。

This act of showboating cruelty vaulted Mr Terre'Blanche to fame. Before that day in 1979, he was just a bearded racist in a country where such people were hardly in short supply. Few people noticed when in 1973 he founded a group called the Afrikaner Resistance Movement, better known later by its Afrikaner initials, AWB. He attracted as followers the kind of Boers who enjoyed donning absurd uniforms and playing soldiers. He adopted a flag that looked remarkably like a swastika, though he insisted that the design was of three interlinked 7s and represented a Christian riposte to 666, the Number of the Beast. His ideology, stripped to its essentials, was that blacks were not only inferior but also a mortal threat to the Afrikaner volk. Plenty of white South Africans agreed.

这次张扬斗狠的举动让尤金·特雷布兰奇恶名远扬。 1979年以前,他蓄着胡须,有着种族偏见,在那个国家,这样的人并不少见。 几乎没有人注意到,他于1973年成立了一个号称非洲抵抗运动的组织,AWB,为该组织的首批布尔人成员所熟知。 一些喜欢身穿奇装异服和摆弄武器的布尔人为他所吸引,追随着他。 他选取了一面旗帜,该旗帜的标识与纳粹党所用的十字记号极为相像,尽管他坚持说,设计图案是三个连在一起的“7”,表示的是基督徒对代号为“666”的野兽所作的机敏应答。 他的思想体系归根到本质,就是黑人不仅低劣等,而且对南非白人构成致命威胁。 许多南非白人同意他的观点。

Times, however, were changing. As the 1980s rumbled on, slowly and secretly at first, the ruling National Party reached out to the African National Congress (ANC), the main black liberation movement. Mr Terre'Blanche opposed every tiny concession. Give the black terrorists and communists an inch, he predicted, and they would destroy the country. To preserve white supremacy, he threatened a civil war. And for a while, the world worried that he might make good on his threat.

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