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父母该如何辅导孩子做作业 Helping Parents Score On The Homework Front

更新时间:2013-01-03    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

父母该如何辅导孩子做作业 Helping Parents Score On The Homework Front

 


Homework can be as monumental a task for parents as it is for children. So what's the best strategy to get a kid to finish it all? Where's the line between helping with an assignment and doing the assignment? And should a parent nag a procrastinating preteen to focus -- or let the child fall behind and learn a hard lesson?
孩子们会对家庭作业存在抵触情绪,而对父母来说,如何让孩子完成作业,可能也是一个同样艰巨的任务。那么,让孩子完成作业的最好策略是什么?大人辅导孩子做作业和大人自己做作业之间的界限何在?小孩子做作业拖拖拉拉,父母应该不停唠叨吗?还是索性听之任之,让孩子完不成作业,在学校得到一个深刻教训?
As schools pile on more homework as early as preschool, many parents are confused about how to assist, says a 2012 research review at Johns Hopkins University. Some 87% of parents have a positive view of helping with homework, and see it as a beneficial way to spend time with their kids, says the study, co-authored by Joyce Epstein, a research professor of sociology and education.
现在,小孩子的作业负担越来越重,甚至在幼儿园就开始加压。约翰•霍普金斯大学(Johns Hopkins University)今年的一份调查报告称,很多家长感到困惑,不知道怎么该帮助子女做作业。调查显示,有87%的父母赞成辅导孩子做作业,并认为这是与孩子共度时光的一种有益方式。约翰•霍普金斯大学社会学及教育学研究教授乔伊斯•爱普斯坦恩(Joyce Epstein)是该报告的合着者之一。
Yet sometimes parental intervention may actually hurt student performance. During the middle-school years, such help was linked to lower academic achievement in a 2009 review of 50 studies by researchers at Duke University. Parents who apply too much pressure, explain material in different ways than teachers or intervene without being asked may undermine these students' growing desire for independence, according to the study, published in Developmental Psychology.
不过,家长的干预有时会起反作用。2009年,杜克大学(Duke University)总结了该校学者的50份研究成果,并在《发展心理学》(Developmental Psychology)期刊上发表。该报告指出,中学期间父母对于作业的干预反而会让学生成绩下降。父母施加过多压力、解释教材方式与老师不同,或未经同意主动干预的行为都会对学生逐渐增强的独立自主欲望产生不利影响。
A parent who implies that a child isn't capable of working on his or her own 'causes the kid to lose confidence, to get mad and just want the whole experience to be over,' says Lisa Jacobson, founder and chief executive of Inspirica, a New York tutoring and test-prep company. When parents help too much, 'kids say that they feel like a fraud,' undeserving of the grades they receive.
纽约学习辅导及备考公司Inspirica的首席执行长丽莎•雅各布森(Lisa Jacobson)说,如果父母流露出孩子不能自己独立完成作业的心理暗示,“就可能导致孩子失去自信、变得狂躁,或者消极懈怠”。如果父母给予过多帮助,“孩子们会觉得自己在作弊”,不配得到老师给作业打出的分数。
Kids also need different kinds of help at different stages. In elementary school, parental rule-making about where and when homework is to be done, along with encouragement, is linked to higher achievement. But parents should give advice or help only when asked, says Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University and a leading author and researcher on homework. If a child fails or becomes frustrated, parents should suggest a break.
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