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Age and wisdom 年龄与智慧

更新时间:2012-09-14    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

Science and technology.

科技。

Age and wisdom.

年龄与智慧。

Older and wiser?

姜是老的辣?

Americans get wiser with age. Japanese are wise from the start.

美国人年龄越大越聪明。 日本人从小就聪明。

ONE stereotype of wisdom is a wizened Zen-master smiling benevolently at the antics of his pupils, while referring to them as little grasshoppers or some such affectation, safe in the knowledge that one day they, too, will have been set on the path that leads to wizened masterhood. But is it true that age brings wisdom? A study two years ago in North America, by Igor Grossmann of the University of Waterloo, in Canada, suggested that it is. In as much as it is possible to quantify wisdom, Dr Grossmann found that elderly Americans had more of it than youngsters. He has, however, now extended his investigation to Asia-the land of the wizened Zen-master-and, in particular, to Japan. There, he found, in contrast to the West, that the grasshoppers are their masters' equals almost from the beginning.

提到智慧的时候,人们脑海里总会出现这样一个老套的画面:一个削瘦的禅宗大师面容慈祥的对他的弟子微笑着, 一边叫他们"小不点",心中十分确定他们迟早会走上这条通往智慧的禅宗之道。 但是智慧真的与年龄有关吗? 两年前,加拿大滑铁卢大学Igor Grossmann博士的研究显示情况的确如此。 由于智慧可以标准量化,他发现年长的美国人的确比年轻人要聪明。 但是,如今他将调查扩展至整个亚洲——这个拥有禅宗大师的神奇土地——特别是日本。 在那里他发现,与西方相比,几乎从一开始,这些弟子与大师在智力方面难分伯仲 。

Dr Grossmann's study, just published in Psychological Science, recruited 186 Japanese from various walks of life and compared them with 225 Americans. Participants were asked to read a series of pretend newspaper articles. Half described conflict between groups, such as a debate between residents of an impoverished Pacific island over whether to allow foreign oil companies to operate there following the discovery of petroleum. (Those in favour viewed it as an opportunity to get rich; those against feared the disruption of ancient ways and potential ecological damage.) The other half took the form of advice columns that dealt with conflicts between individuals: siblings, friends and spouses. After reading each article, participants were asked "What do you think will happen after that?" and "Why do you think it will happen this way?" Their responses were recorded and transcribed.

Grossmann博士研究结果刚发表在《心理科学》,他招募了186个来自各行各业的日本人并且与225个美国人做对比研究。 他要求参与者阅读一些假装在报纸上发表的文章。 其中一半描述了一些团体斗争,比如太平洋小岛上当地居民关于是否允许外国石油公司开发刚发现的石油资源。 (赞成开采的人认为这是一个发展当经济的机会而反对开采的人则害怕破坏了古老的生活方式并且会对生态环境带来潜在威胁)。 另一半文章以专栏的方式提供兄弟姐妹、朋友、配偶之间的个人斗争解决建议。 在阅读完文章之后,研究人员会问参与者两个问题,分别是"此事发生后,你认为事态将会如何发展?"和"为什么你认为事态会这样发展?" 然后研究人员会记录他们的答案。

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年龄

wisdom

智慧

Age

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