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2008年高考英语书面表达三大技巧

更新时间:2011-01-09    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网
(一)掌握技巧:

   (1)注意篇章结构,合理布局

   开始部分(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

   正文部分(Body paragraphs)——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

   结尾部分(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。

   要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。前后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容.

   (2)确定主题句

   主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。

   写主题句应注意以下几点:

   ①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

   ②提炼出一句具有概括性的话

   ③主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。
(二)巧用连接词

   要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词

   表示罗列增加

   First, second, third,

   First, then / next, after that / next, finally

   For one thing … for another…,

   On (the) one hand…on the other hand,

   Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also,

   Especially / In particular,

   表示时间顺序

   now, at present, recently,

   after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,

   at first, in the beginning, to begin with,

   later, next, finally,

   immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment

   form now on, from then on,

   at the same time, meanwhile,

   till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

   表示解释说明

   now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover

   furthermore, in fact, actually

   表示转折关系

   but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other

   hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

   表示并列关系

   or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or, neither …nor

   表示因果关系

   because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

   表示条件关系

   as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

   表示让步关系

   though, although, as, even if, even though, whether …or…, however, whoever,

   whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)

   表示举例

   for example, for instance, such as…, take… for example
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