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有最大象群的博茨瓦纳丘比国家公园

更新时间:2018-08-21    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

  The Chobe National Park, which is the second largest national park in Botswana and covers 10,566 square kilometres, has one of the greatest concentrations of game found on the African continent. Its uniqueness in the abundance of wildlife and the true African nature of the region, offers a safari experience of a lifetime.

  The park is divided into four distinctly different eco systems: Serondela with its lush plains and dense forests in the Chobe River area in the extreme north-east; the Savuti Marsh in the west about fifty kilometres north of Mababe gate; the Linyanti Swamps in the north-west and the hot dry hinterland in between.

  A major feature of Chobe National Park is its elephant population. First of all, the Chobe elephant comprise part of what is probably the largest surviving continuous elephant population. This population covers most of northern Botswana plus northwestern Zimbabwe. The Botswana's elephant population is currently estimated at around 120,000. This elephant population has built up steadily from a few thousand since the early 1900s and has escaped the massive illegal offtake that has decimated other populations in the 1970s and 1980s. The Chobe elephant are migratory, making seasonal movements of up to 200 kilometres from the Chobe and Linyanti rivers, where they concentrate in the dry season, to the pans in the southeast of the park, to which they disperse in the rains. The elephants, in this area have the distinction of being the largest in body size of all living elephants though the ivory is brittle and you will not see many huge tuskers among these rangy monsters.

  丘比国家公元(the Chobe National Park),是博茨瓦纳(Botswana)第二大国家公园,面积约10,566 平方公里,还拥有非洲大陆最大的游戏场地之一。它的独特之处就在于种类繁多的野生动物和真实自然的非洲自然风光,更为游客提供了探险远征的机会。

  这个公园被明显地分为四个截然不同的区域:Serondela有着青葱繁荣的草原;最东北的丘比河(the Chobe River )地区有着浓密的森林;Mababe gate北50公里的西部萨谬提沼泽区(the Savuti Marsh);东北林扬堤沼泽区(Linyanti Swamp ),其间还有干热的内地地区。

  丘比国家公园的一个主要特色就是它的象群。首先,丘比象可能组成了这个地区最大的可持续象群。象头数有北部博茨瓦纳和西北津巴布韦的总和那么多。估计博茨瓦纳象群目前大概有12万头象。这个象群是从1900年的几千头稳定地增长起来的,它们躲过了1970年至1980年间非法捕猎的大批杀害。丘比象是迁徙动物,季节性地从干燥季节他们聚集的地方丘比和林扬堤河行程200公里来到东南平地,而在这里它们却由于雨水而分散。这个地区的大象是所有大象中最大体形的,虽然它们的象牙易碎,在这些流浪的庞然大物中你根本看不到这些巨大的有长牙的动物。

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